::Departments : Non-clinical : Department of Pathology
  
          
                                            Department of Pathology                                                                         
Department of pathology started functioning since the inception of college in 1990. . It has various subunits like  Histopathology , Cytology ,Clinical Pathology  and adequately staffed. 
Eminent professors served as  HOD'S for the upgradation of department as :
 
Academic Programmes
 
 The department is involved in teaching and practical training of Medical and paramedical students like CMLT, DMLT, BSc Nursing. Regular Symphosiums, Seminars and Quiz programmes are conducted.  Audio visual equipments like LCD are available.Undergraduate students are encouraged to participate in the junior research conducted by ICMR.
 
Diploma in Lab Technology (DMLT) courseaffiliated with Kings Institute Chennai is conducted with an intake of 100 students each year. Hands on training are given to the students in various fields and they outshine others when employed.
 
Bsc Nursing courses have pathology training in their second semester. Theoretical and practical classes are conducted for them in anatomic pathology and Human genetics.
 
JUNE 2017-Seminar on ONCOGENES AND TUMOUR SUPPRESSOR GENE was conducted with active participation by II MBBS STUDENTS.
 
 
 Chart work:         1.       GIANT CELL TUMOUR OF BONE
                             2.       OSTEOSARCOMA
                             3.       SQUMAOUS CELL CARCINOMA
                             4.        BASAL CELL CARCINOMA
                       
                          
                        1.AML                         2.CML     TOPICS GIVEN for DMLT Students
 
 Displaying the Specimen of the week (every week) in our dept.
 
 Specimen of this week- PAPILLARY CARCINOMA OF THYROID
 
Schedule :
 
 
Special Academic programmes
 
1)   A Continous Medical education programme was conducted on 04.08.2012 in the topic of Anemia enlightening the students in clinical interpretation of lab results which was also helpful to the practising clinicians.
 
2)   Integrated teaching was organized

3) International Guest Lecture on “Immunobullous disorders of skin” was conducted on 3.11.2016. Speaker id DR.Periasamybalasubramaniam, MD, FRCP, who is a consultant dermatologist from Wrexhammaelor hospital, United Kingdom

 
Integrated teaching
 
 1.Integrated  teaching on Pathology of Myocardial infarction by  Associate prof.Dr,S.Ramesh MD
 
 2. Integrated teaching on Pathology of Type 2 diabetes by Associate prof.Dr.Kasthuri thilagam MD
 
 3. Integrated teaching on Pathology of Tuberculosis by Associate prof Dr.J.Sujatha MD

MBBS CLASS SCHEDULE FOR II YEAR STUDENTS:
S.NO Teaching methods  
1.       Lectures Tuesdays and Thursdays
2.       Practical’s Wednesdays and Thursdays
3.       Seminars Every last Thursdays of the month
4.       Group discussions Every first Tuesdays of the month
5.       Tutorials Every second Thursdays of the month
6.       Integrated teaching Once in three months
7.       Internal assessment Every third Thursdays of the month
 

 
 
 
Research programs
 
    
Current Research Topics
 
1.     A comparative study to assess the diagnostic accuracy of intraoperative imprint and scrape cytology with frozen section by correlating with histopathology in our institute. Dr.V. Shasi, Dr.S.Ramesh, MD.,
2.     Study to assess the diagnostic accuracy of oral brush cytology with histopathology in our institute. Dr. C. Aja, MD., Dr.S.Ramesh, MD.,
3.     Diagnostic accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology in salivary gland lesions. Dr.V.Shasi, Dr. S.Ramesh, Dr.M.Themmozhi.,
4.     Study on hematological parameters in patients with non hematological malignancies and their correlation with stage of the disease in GMKMCH, Salem. DR.D.Davasumani MD Post graduate, Dr. J.Sujatha, MD.,
5.     Study on placenta in pregnancy induced hypertension – morphological changes and special stains in GMKMCH, Salem. Dr.S.Aswini, Dr.M.Thenmozhi, MD.,
6.     Comparative study of cytology and histopathology of nodular lesions of thyroid with reference to special stains in GMKMCH, Salem. Dr.Narayananvadivoo, Dr.K.Kasthurithilagam, MD.,
7.     Role of frozen section in breast lesion in correlation with fine needle aspiration cytology and histopathological examination in GMKMCH, SALEM. Dr.S.T.Sangeetha Lakshmi, Dr.S.Ramesh, MD.,
8.     Cytological evaluation of lymphadenopathy and study of special stains and CD4 count in selective cases. Dr.S.Satish, Dr.M.Gunasundari, MD.,


 It is proposed to conduct research in Non- communicable diseases which is a burden to the society with increased incidence.
 
 We participate along with Adyar cancer institute in the Tamilnadu Cancer registry programme.
 
 We are ready to co ordinate with research scholars in medical field and MSc, Phd students willing to do research in pathology.



Department of Pathology, GMKMC Salem has been permitted 6 post graduate seats for MD Pathology in the year 2016. All the six PG seats have been filled through All India and State PG counselling.
Two batches of Postgraduate students, 2016 and 2017 are currently there in department
PG Class Schedule followed here is given below:
S.No DAYS TOIPC
1.       Monday Journal club
2.       Tuesday Short topics
3.       Wednesday Slide test
4.       Thursday Case of the week
5.       Friday Grossing discussion
6.       Saturday Slides discussion
 
2017 EXAM RESULTS OF II MBBS:
Total number of students appeared for Pathology exam = 102
Number of distinction = 1
 
DEPARTMENT MUSEUM:
Total number of mounted specimens – 355
Total number of wet specimens – 50


Journal Club

 
S.NO DATE JOURNAL TITLE PUBLISHED IN PRESENTOR
1 23.1.2016 Micro RNA in situ hybridization for mir 211 detection as an ancillary test in melanoma diagnosis Modern pathology 29, 461-475 DR.P.GEETHA
2 20.2.2016 Assesment of utility of PAX8 immunohistochemical stain in diagnosing endocervical glandular lesions Archives of pathology and laboratory medicine, vol 40, issue 2.p148-152 DR.PREMALATHA
3 19.3.2016 Reappraisal of serosal invasion with T3 colorectal cancer by elastin stain Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2016 Jan;140:81-85 DR.AJA
4 23.4.16 Pulmonary Langhan’s cell histiocytosis – An update from pathologists perspective Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2016 Mar;140(3):230-40. DR.KALPANA
5 21.5.2016 Expression and clinicopathological significance of antiapoptotis protein surviving in gallbladder cancer IJPM Year : 2016  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 143-147 2015;39(1):67-82 DR.VISWANATHAN
6 28.6.16 P53 and p16 expression in oral dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma: A study of 208 cases
 
 
IJPM.2016.Vol59.Issue 2. Page 153-158 DR.V.PREMALATHA

 



            
UG SEMINARS:
23.8.16 NEPHROTIC SYNDROME SEMINAR
29.9.16 OVARIAN TUMOURS GROUP DISCUSSION
3.11.16 TUMOURS OF BREAST GROUP DISCUSSION
17.11.16 DIABETES MILLETUS TUTORIALS
28.2.17 NOMENCLATURE, CHARACTERISTICut section OF BENIGN AND MALIGNANT NEOPLASMS SEMINAR
20.4.17 CLASSIFICATION OF ONCOGENES, RAS, P53, MYC SEMINAR
 
 


Journal Club
S.No Date Journal Topic Journal name Authors Presentor
1 2.11.16 P53 and P16 in oral epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma. A study of 208 cases. Indian journal of Pathol microbial, 2016, Apr-Jun;59(2) Cuevas G, Gaitan C, Borges Y, et al., Dr.S.Aswini
2 7.12.16 Columnar cell lesions of breast     Dr.Dhavasumani
3 11.1.17 Spectrum of Skin adnexal tumours with eccrine and apocrine differentiation  Journal of pathology of Nepal Vol5, 727- 732 Vijayan.p, Nayak.r, Dr.Narayanavadivu
 
 
 
CPC MEETINGS WITH VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS:
 
S.NO DEPARTMENT DATE TOPIC
1 DERMATOLOGY 6.1.17 LEPROMATOUS LEPROSY
2 PEDIATRICS AND BIOCHEMISTRY 24.3.17 SICKLE CELL DISEASE
3 OBSTERICS AND GYNAECOLOGY 30.6.17 1.BORDERLINE SEROUS TUMOUR OF OVARY. 2. MUCINOUS CYSTADENOCARCINOMA OF OVARY
4 SURGERY 14.7.17 1.INVASIVE PAPILLARY CARCINOMA OF BREAST 2.LOBULAR CARCINOMA OF BREAST
 
 
 
 
 
Diagnostic Services
 
 The department functions round the clock for the emergency services in the hospital.
 
State of art equipments are available in this department which is on par with any private institutions like
 
1)   Automated hematology analyser  three part –Sysmex Kx 21
2)   Automated Hematology anlayser  five part –sysmex XT 2000i
3)   Automated ESR analyser –Vesmatic 20/20 plus model
4)   Cryostat – Leica CM  1510S
5)   Automated tissue processor – STP 120 Microm(Thermoscientific)
6)   Auotmated  Tissue embedder –EC 350 Tissue embedding center(Thermoscientific)
7)   Fully automated Rotary Microtome – Leica RM 2255
 
Surgical pathology
An average of 5000 cases are processed in our department with a turn over time of 5 days.
 
 
  Clinical pathology
 
  The following tests are done in clinical pathology
 
 
S.NO INVESTIGATIONS  
 
1 Total leucocyte count  
2 Differential count  
3 ESR  
4 Haemogram  
5 FNAC  
6 Histopathology  
7 Peripheral Smear Study  
8 PAP smear  
9 Bone marrow examination  
10 Haemoglobin/PCV  
11 Fluid cytology  
12 Fluid cell count  
13 Haemoparasites  
14 Bleeding time  
15 Clotting time  
16 RBC count  
17 Platelet count  
18 Reticulocyte count  
19 Absolute eosinophil count  
20 Urine examination  
21 Stool examination  
22 Semen analysis  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
























Cytology
 
 Fluid cytology and aspiration cytology are done
 
With the Tamilnadu Governemnts initaive in screening of NCD, special clinics are conducted and samples received by us. For prevention of cervical cancer in women pilot project with VIA and VILI tests are done along with PAP smears. Patients are followed with biopsy.


PAPERS PUBLISHED FROM DEPARTMENT:

1.       Viswanathan K, Premalatha V. A Histopathological study of malignant round blue cell tumours. International journal of scientific research. Vol 6, march 2017.
2.       Sujatha J, Aja C, Kavitha T, Asohkkumar, Thenmozhi M. A histopathological study of cervix biopsy in VIA/VILLI positive cases. International journal of scientific research. Vol 6, march 2017.


 STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR 2017:
 
S.NO Month Biopsy Cytology Hematology
1 JAN 423 524 79546
2 FEB 443 437 84550
3 MAR 528 508 90333
4 APRIL 407 353 76948
5 MAY 485 423 89094
6 JUNE 522 434 94997




 
STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR 2016:
 
S.NO Month Biopsy Cytology Hematology
1 JANUARY 284 159 65849
2 FEBRUARY 338 189 68108
3 MARCH 313 197 67543
4 APRIL 389 160 56740
5 MAY 393 190 51432
6 JUNE 385 202 54515
7 JULY 477 220 61479
8 AUGUST 382 248 63775
9 SEPTEMBER 367 213 68861
10 OCTOBER 338 224 63923
11 NOVEMBER 424 269 71332
12 DECEMBER 421 193 77081
 





 






2015
Month General SS Gynac FM FNAC Fluid cytology Hematology
Jan 122 68 188 3 123 45 116766
Feb 142 72 192 2 134 27 84248
Mar 175 75 155 7 172 38 115310
Apr 147 74 171 7 150 47 946799
May 158 86 175 - 148 28 91899
Jun 138 72 162 3 165 43 96776
Jul 176 77 160 9 190 47 104880
Aug 161 67 151 20 166 46 33150
Sep 130 75 161 10 130 34 75641
Oct 173 74 146 18 139 26 56883
Nov 105 52 165 13 112 31 55577
Dec 131 60 151 10 139 38 66387
 
 
2014
Month General SS6 Gynac FM FNAC Fluid cytology Hematology
Jan 120 65 172 9 124 34 59419
Feb 136 73 221 7 132 44 60789
Mar 149 80 238 4 142 41 69907
Apr 152 82 220 4 154 36 64276
May 167 92 260 6 168 51 70386
Jun 138 87 191 9 161 39 109766
Jul 151 83 223 6 216 44 121496
Aug 160 81 235 4 115 32 133572
Sep 135 102 213 10 181 43 114052
Oct 110 70 208 13 140 46 145670
Nov 128 80 178 10 162 54 106049
Dec 145 65 192 7 166 56 117407
Total 1691 1062 2551 89 2742 520 1172789
 
 


 
Year General SS Gynac FM Fluid Hematology
2008 1108 - 789 61 651 335608
2009 1662 - 732 79 436 382507
2010 1224 - 742 56 380 419310
2011 2408 - 848 76 778 474177
2012 1338 586 877 120 556 257231
2013 1530 843 185 91 483 631400
2014 1691 1062 2551 89 520 1172789
 
 
CRYOSTAT CASES/YEAR
2012 8
2013 11
2014 16
2015 15
2016  29
 
SQUASH CYTOLOGY CASES/YEAR
2014 27
2015 15
2016  31



Photos of Equipments available


Automatic Tissue Processor


Automatic Tissue Embedder



Automated Microtome

 


Contact us : pls contact us for special procedures and academic discussions at gmkmcpatho@gmail.com





For all student information pls visit :         


                        
https://sites.google.com/site/gmkmcpathology/home
 
 
  

 



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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