::Departments : Non-clinical : Department of Pathology
  
          
                                            Department of Pathology                                                                         


Department of pathology started functioning since the inception of college in 1990. It has various subunits like Histopathology, Cytology, Clinical Pathology and adequately staffed.
Eminent professors served as HOD’S for the upgradation of the department as:
 
Academic Programs
 
 The department is involved in teaching and practical training of Medical and paramedical students like CMLT, DMLT, BSc Nursing. Regular Symposium, Seminars and Quiz programs are conducted.  Audiovisual equipment like LCD is available. Undergraduate students are encouraged to participate in the junior research conducted by ICMR.
 
Diploma in Lab Technology (DMLT) course affiliated with Kings Institute Chennai is conducted with an intake of 100 students each year. Hands-on training is given to the students in various fields and they outshine others when employed.
 
BSc Nursing courses have pathology training in their second semester. Theoretical and practical classes are conducted for them in anatomic pathology and Human Genetics.
 
November 2017 - Group Discussion on Surface Epithelial Tumours of Ovary was conducted with active participation by II MBBS STUDENTS.
 
 
 Chart work:         1. MALIGNANT MELANOMA
                             2. COLLOID GOITRE
                             3. PAPILLARY CARCINOMA OF THYROID
                             4. CIRRHOSIS LIVER
                      
                         
  1. AML                  2. CML     TOPICS GIVEN for DMLT Students
 
 Displaying the Specimen of the week (every week) in our dept.
 
            Specimen of this week- Mucinous Cystadenoma of Ovary
 
 
 
Special Academic programs
 
1)   A Continuous Medical education program was conducted on 04.08.2012 on the topic of Anemia enlightening the students in clinical interpretation of lab results which was also helpful to the practising clinicians.
 
2)   Integrated teaching was organized
 
3) International Guest Lecture on "Immunobullous disorders of skin" was conducted on 3.11.2016. Speaker id DR.Periasamybalasubramaniam, MD, FRCP, who is a consultant dermatologist from Wrexham Maelor hospital, United Kingdom
4) Guest Lecture on Updates in Hematopathology was conducted on 24th August 2017 by Dr.Kamaraj, MD.
 
5)  A Continuous Medical Education programme was conducted on 08.09.2017(Friday) on the topic of CNS AND PERIPHERAL NERVE SHEATH TUMORS enlightening the postgraduate and undergraduate students. Topics discussed included
a. Challenges in Neurosurgical Intraoperative Consultations by Dr.Shantha Ravisankar, MD, DCP.
b. Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors – An Overview by Dr.Ganthimathy Sekhar, MD, DCP.
            c. What do we tell the Oncologist? By Dr,Radha Ananthakrishnan, MD, DCP.
            d. Neuropathology slide seminar by Dr.Shantha Ravisankar, MD, DCP.
Quiz competition for Undergraduate students was conducted.
Poster presentations for Postgraduate students were conducted.
 
 
5) Guest Lecture on Clinical Hematology was conducted on 8th January 2018 by Speaker Dr.R.Jeyaprakash, M.D, MRCP, FRCP(Hematology) imparting his valuable knowledge to the students and faculties.
 
 
Integrated teaching
 
 1. Integrated teaching on Down’s syndrome, Turner's Syndrome and Klinefelter's syndrome by Associate Prof.Dr.V.Jayanthi MD
 
 2. Integrated teaching on Hypersensitivity Reactions by prof.Dr.M.Thenmozhi, MD.,
 
 3. Integrated teaching on Ch by Associate prof Dr.J.Sujatha MD
 
MBBS CLASS SCHEDULE FOR II YEAR STUDENTS:
 
S.NO Teaching methods  
1  Lectures Tuesdays and Thursdays
2  Practical's Wednesdays and Thursdays
3 Seminars Every last Thursdays of the month
4 Group discussions Every first Tuesdays of the month
5 Tutorials Every second Thursdays of the month
6  Integrated teaching Once in three months
7 Internal assessment Every third Thursdays of the month
 
 
 
 
Research programs
 
   
Current Research Topics
 
1.     A comparative study to assess the diagnostic accuracy of intraoperative imprint and scrape cytology with the frozen section by correlating with histopathology in our institute. Dr.V. Shasi, Dr.S.Ramesh, MD.,
2.     Study to assess the diagnostic accuracy of oral brush cytology with histopathology in our institute. Dr. C. Aja, MD., Dr.S.Ramesh, MD.,
3.     Diagnostic accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology in salivary gland lesions. Dr.V.Shasi, Dr S.Ramesh, Dr.M.Themmozhi.,
4.     Study on haematological parameters in patients with non-haematological malignancies and their correlation with stage of the disease in GMKMCH, Salem. DR.D.Davasumani MD Postgraduate, Dr J.Sujatha, MD.,
5.     Study on placenta in pregnancy-induced hypertension – morphological changes and special stains in GMKMCH, Salem. Dr.S.Aswini, Dr.M.Thenmozhi, MD.,
6.     Comparative study of cytology and histopathology of nodular lesions of the thyroid with reference to special stains in GMKMCH, Salem. Dr.Narayananvadivoo, Dr.K.Kasthurithilagam, MD.,
7.     Role of frozen section in breast lesion in correlation with fine needle aspiration cytology and histopathological examination in GMKMCH, SALEM. Dr.S.T.Sangeetha Lakshmi, Dr.S.Ramesh, MD.,
8.     Cytological evaluation of lymphadenopathy and study of special stains and CD4 count in selective cases. Dr.S.Satish, Dr.M.Gunasundari, MD.,
9. A clinicopathological study of hypopigmentary lesions of skin in patients attending the government Mohan Kumaramangalam medical college hospital, Salem. Dr.C.Ehizhilarasi, Dr.M.Thenmozhi.MD.
10. Early diagnosis of oral cancer by exfoliative cytology using methylene blue and correlation with biopsy and special stains. Dr.V.Kokila, Dr.K.Kasthuri thilagam.MD.
11. Correlation of imprint smear cytology with histology of endoscopic biopsies from upper gastrointestinal tract lesions and its diagnostic utility. Dr.K.Hari Baskaran, Dr.J.Sujatha,MD.,
12. Study of haematological and coagulation profile in snake bite patients in GMKMC. Dr.B.Arul Varuni, Dr.M.Thenmozhi,MD.,
13. A study of histomorphological changes of placenta in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Dr.V.Subathra, Dr.M.Gunasundari, MD.,
14. A comparative analysis of conventional smear technique (PAP) with manual Liquid-Based Cytology and Histopathological correlation of cervical lesions in GMKMC Salem. Dr.T.S.Priya, Dr.S.Ramesh, MD.,
 
 It is proposed to conduct research in Non- communicable diseases which is a burden to the society with increased incidence.
 
 We participate along with Adyar cancer institute in the Tamil Nadu Cancer registry programme.
 
 We are ready to coordinate with research scholars in medical field and MSc, PhD students willing to do research in pathology.
 
 
 
Department of Pathology, GMKMC Salem has been permitted 6 postgraduate seats for MD Pathology in the year 2016. All the six PG seats have been filled with All India and State PG counselling.
Two batches of Postgraduate students, 2016 and 2017 are currently there in department
PG Class Schedule followed here is given below:
 
S.No     
 
DAYS TOPIC
1  Monday Slide Test
2 Tuesday Journal Club
3 Wednesday Short Topics
4 Thursday Interesting Case of the week
5 Friday Nursing/DMLT Class
6 Saturday Review of Log Book/ Dissertation
 
2017 August EXAM RESULTS OF II MBBS:
Total number of students appeared for Pathology exam = 1
No. of Students Passed: 1
 
 
DEPARTMENT MUSEUM:
Total number of mounted specimens – 372
Total number of wet specimens – 81
 
 
Journal Club
 
S.NO DATE JOURNAL TITLE PUBLISHED IN PRESENTOR
1 23.1.2016 Micro RNA in situ hybridization for mir 211 detection as an ancillary test in melanoma diagnosis Modern pathology 29, 461-475 Dr.P.Geetha
2 20.2.2016 Assessment of the utility of PAX8 immunohistochemical stain in diagnosing endocervical glandular lesions Archives of pathology and laboratory medicine, vol 40, issue 2.p148-152 Dr.Premalatha
3 19.3.2016 Reappraisal of serosal invasion with T3 colorectal cancer by elastin stain Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2016 Jan;140:81-85 Dr.Aja
4 23.4.2016 Pulmonary Langhan's cell histiocytosis – An update from pathologists perspective Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2016 Mar;140(3):230-40. Dr.Kalpana
5 21.5.2016 Expression and clinicopathological significance of antiapoptotic protein surviving in gallbladder cancer  IJPM Year: 2016  | Volume: 59  | Issue: 2  | Page: 143-147 2015;39(1):67-82 Dr.Viswanathan
6 28.6.2016 P53 and p16 expression in oral dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma: A study of 208 cases IJPM.2016.Vol59.Issue 2. Page 153-158 Dr.V.Premalatha
 
 
          
UG SEMINARS:
 
23.08.16 NEPHROTIC SYNDROME SEMINAR
29.09.16 OVARIAN TUMOURS GROUP DISCUSSION
03.11.16 TUMOURS OF BREAST GROUP DISCUSSION
17.11.16 DIABETES MELLITUS TUTORIALS
28.02.17 NOMENCLATURE, CHARACTERISTICS OF BENIGN AND MALIGNANT NEOPLASMS SEMINAR
20.04.17 CLASSIFICATION OF ONCOGENES, RAS, P53, MYC SEMINAR
23.11.17 ERYTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS SEMINAR
 
Journal Club
 
S.No
Date
Journal Topic
Journal name
Authors
Presenter
1
2.11.16
P53 and P16 in oral epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma. A study of 208 cases.
 
Indian journal of Pathol microbial, 2016, Apr-Jun;59(2)
Cuevas G, Gaitan C, Borges Y, et al.,
Dr.S.Aswini
2
 
7.12.16
Columnar cell lesions of breast Review Article
Adv Anat Pathol. 2003 May;10(3):113-24
Schnitt SJ, Vincent-Salomon A.
Dr.Dhavasumani
3
11.1.17
Spectrum of Skin adnexal tumours with eccrine and apocrine differentiation 
Journal of pathology of Nepal Vol 5, 727- 732
Vijayan.p, Nayak.r,
 
Dr.Narayanavadivu
4
26.04.17
Morphological changes of placenta in preeclampsia
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy 2009. Volume7
Segupta Kishwara, Shamim Ara
Dr.Aswini
5
06.06.17
Liquid Based Cytology versus Conventional Cytology for evaluation of Cervical PAP Smears
 
 
Dr.Sangeethalakshmi
6
25.07.17
The 2015 WHO classification of lung tumors: Impact of genetic clinical and radiologic advances since the 2004 classification
Journal of Thoracic Oncology, vol-10 number 9, september 2015
Travis WD, Brambilla E
Dr.Sathish
7
26.12.17
Comparison of histological grading methods in mucoepidermoid carcinoma of minor salivary glands
Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2016 Oct-Dec;59(4):457-462
Qannam A, Bello IO
Dr.Narayanavadivu
8
02.01.18
Diagnostic Algorithm of Common Mature B-Cell Lymphomas by Immunohistochemistry.
Arch Pathol Lab Med 2017 Sep;141(9):1236-1246
Wang HY, Zu Y.
Dr.Sangeethalakshmi
9
18.01.18
The Cytomorphological Characteristics of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer are
Associated with Its Radiological Features
Journal of Cytology & Histology 2017, volume 8, issue 5
Ryota Tanaka, Norihiko Sakamoto
Dr.Sathish
 
 
CPC MEETINGS WITH VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS:
 
 
S.NO
 
DEPARTMENT
DATE
TOPIC
DERMATOLOGY
06.01.17
LEPROMATOUS LEPROSY
 
2
 
PEDIATRICS AND BIOCHEMISTRY
24.03.17
SICKLE CELL DISEASE
3
 
OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY
30.06.17
1.BORDERLINE SEROUS TUMOUR OF OVARY. 2. MUCINOUS CYSTADENOCARCINOMA OF OVARY
4
SURGERY
14.07.17
1.INVASIVE PAPILLARY CARCINOMA OF BREAST 2.LOBULAR CARCINOMA OF BREAST
5
SURGERY
28.08.17
PHYLLODES TUMOR
 
Diagnostic Services
 
 The department functions round the clock for the emergency services in the hospital.
 
State of art equipment is available in this department which is on par with any private institutions like
 
1)   Automated haematology analyser  three-part –Sysmex Kx 21
2)   Automated Hematology analyzer  five-part –Sysmex XT 2000i
3)   Automated ESR analyser –Ves Matic 20/20 plus model
4)   Cryostat – Leica CM  1510S
5)   Automated tissue processor – STP 120 Microm(Thermo Scientific)
6)   Automated  Tissue embedder –EC 350 Tissue embedding centre (Thermo Scientific)
7)   Fully automated Rotary Microtome – Leica RM2255
8)   Semi-Automated Coagulometer (Single Channel) -
 
Surgical pathology
An average of 5000 cases is processed in our department with a turnover time of 5 days.
 
 
Clinical pathology
 
  The following tests are done in clinical pathology
 
S.NO INVESTIGATIONS
1 Total leucocyte count
2 Differential count 
3 ESR 
4 Haemogram 
5 FNAC 
6 Histopathology 
7 Peripheral Smear Study 
8 PAP smear
9 Bone marrow examination
10 Haemoglobin/PCV 
11 Fluid cytology 
12 Fluid cell count 
13 Haemoparasites 
14 Bleeding time 
15 Clotting time 
16 RBC count
17 Platelet count 
18 Reticulocyte count
19 Absolute eosinophil count
20 Urine examination 
21 Stool examination 
22 Semen analysis  
23 Prothrombin Time
24 Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time
 
 
 
Cytology
 
 Fluid cytology and aspiration cytology are done
 
With the Tamilnadu Government initiative in the screening of NCD, special clinics are conducted and samples received by us. For prevention of cervical cancer in women pilot project with VIA and VILI tests are done along with PAP smears. Patients are followed with biopsy.
 
 
PAPERS PUBLISHED BY DEPARTMENT:
 
1. Viswanathan K, Premalatha V. A Histopathological study of malignant round blue cell tumours. International journal of scientific research. Vol 6, March 2017.
2. Sujatha J, Aja C, Kavitha T, Ashok Kumar, Thenmozhi M. A histopathological study of cervix biopsy in VIA/VILI positive cases. International journal of scientific research. Vol 6, March 2017.
 
 
 STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR 2017
 
Month  Biopsy Cytology Hematology
JAN 423 524 79546
FEB 443 437 84550
MAR 528 508 90333
APRIL 407 353 76948
MAY 485 423 89094
JUNE 522 434 94997
JULY 527 552 120617
AUG 413 354 182344
SEP 387 266 221847
OCT 303 288 247103
NOV 466 390 227233
DEC 433 379 124649
 
 
 
 
STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR 2016:
 
Month  Biopsy Cytology Hematology
JAN 284 159 65849
FEB 338 189 68108
MAR 313 197 67543
APRIL 389 160 56740
MAY 393 190 51432
JUNE 385 202 54515
JULY 477 220 61479
AUG 382 248 63775
SEP 367 213 68861
OCT 338 224 63923
NOV 424 269 71332
DEC 421 193 77081
 
 
2015
 
Month  Gen SS Gyn FM FNAC Fluid Cytology Hematology
JAN 122 68 188 3 123 45 116766
FEB 142 72 192 2 134 27 84248
MAR 175 75 155 7 172 38 115310
APRIL 147 74 171 7 150 47 946799
MAY 158 86 175   148 28 91899
JUNE 138 72 162 3 165 43 96776
JULY 176 77 160 9 190 47 104880
AUG 161 67 151 20 166 46 33150
SEP 130 75 161 10 130 34 75641
OCT 173 74 146 18 139 26 56883
NOV 105 52 165 13 112 31 55577
DEC 131 60 151 10 139 38 66387
 
 
2014
 
Month  Gen SS Gyn FM FNAC Fluid Cytology Hematology
JAN 120 65 172 9 124 34 59419
FEB 136 73 221 7 132 44 60789
MAR 149 80 238 4 142 41 69907
APRIL 152 82 220 4 154 36 64276
MAY 167 92 260 6 168 51 70386
JUNE 138 87 191 9 161 39 109766
JULY 151 83 223 6 216 44 121496
AUG 160 81 235 4 115 32 133572
SEP 135 102 213 10 181 43 114052
OCT 110 70 208 13 140 46 145670
NOV 128 80 178 10 162 54 106049
DEC 145 65 192 7 166 56 117407
TOTAL 1691 1062 2551 89 2742 520 1172789
 
 
 
Year General SS Gynac FM Fluid Hematology
2012 1338 586 877 120 556 257231
2013 1530 843 185 91 483 631400
2014 1691 1062 2551 89 520 1172789
 
 
CRYOSTAT CASES/YEAR
 
2012 8
2013 11
2014 16
2015 15
2016 29
2017 42
 
SQUASH CYTOLOGY CASES/YEAR
 
2014 27
2015 15
2016 31
2017 26
 
 





Photos of Equipments available


Automatic Tissue Processor


Automatic Tissue Embedder



Automated Microtome

 


Contact us : pls contact us for special procedures and academic discussions at gmkmcpatho@gmail.com





For all student information pls visit :         


                        
https://sites.google.com/site/gmkmcpathology/home
 
 
  

 



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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