::Departments : Non-clinical : Department of Biochemistry
INTRODUCTION
                The department of Biochemistry, GMKMC, under the leadership of able professors and dedicated faculties, has played a monumental role in strengthening the foundations of countless medical students, for Biochemistry is one of the three basic subjects to be mastered in the first year of their under graduate study. The Clinical Biochemistry laboratory provides round the clock services in aiding the diagnosis and management of the ever increasing number of patients who attend the GMKMC Hospital from in and around Salem. The department also gives extensive training and imparts high degree of professional competency to Medical Laboratory Technology students, in addition to educating Nursing and paramedical students on the essentials of biochemistry.
 

TEACHING PROGRAM
                The annual intake of MBBS students increased to 100, so did the intensity of academic activities focused on student excellence. Apart from regular class schedules, tutorial classes and Internal assessment exams in theory/ practical’s, the students are subjected to weekly tutorial tests and regular assignments, prodding them to pursue their lessons with deeper understanding and thoroughness, and to enhance their performance in the University examinations.
                As another means of intellectual stimulation, the students are required to present seminars/ symposia on various topics, using power point presentations, charts and other audio visual aids, during their period of study in the department.
              Medal exams are conducted  for the students to prove their academic excellence.
                The department also makes sure that the parents are informed regarding their children’s progress by sending the attendance and mark particulars of students every three months. The parents in turn respond by coming to the department periodically to meet the HOD and staff to discuss the performance of their children, which helps in encouraging them to perform better.
                In addition, the department organizes and participates in horizontal and vertical Integrated teaching programs to provide the students a bird’s eye view of the concerned topic.
Integrated Teaching Programes of the academic year 2017-2018, involving the departments of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry:
DATE TOPIC OF DISCUSSION BIOCHEMISTRY
09/01/18 LIVER  LFT
 Planned to conduct  integrated teaching in 3 topics
 
CME/CLE PROGRAMMES
CONTINUING LABORATORY EDUCATION CONDUCTED ON 25/06/2015
TOPIC  :  Clinical  biochemistry laboratory instrumentation and quality control
CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION CONDUCTED ON 24/07/2015
TOPIC :  A clinician ‘s approach to renal function test interpretation
This  CME  has been awarded  5  credit points by Tamilnadu  Dr M.G.R  university ,Chennai under    category 2
NOTEWORTHY PERFORMANCE IN MBBS UNIVERSITY EXMINATIONS
                2008-2009 -         100% PASS
                1999-2000 -         UNIVERSITY FIRST-          Dr.SUBITHA
                2005-2006-          UNIVERSITY FIRST-          Dr.KARTHICK
                2013-2014-          no. of DISTINCTIONS- 15 ; HONOURS- 3
                2014-2015            no. of DISTINCTIONS-3
                2015-2016            no. of DISTINCTIONS-8
                        2016-2017            no. of DISTINCTIONS- 19 ; HONOURS- 11
 
 QUIZ  PROGRAMMES
After conducting screening test students are selected for  inter college quiz competitions.
 3 teams  participated in the inter college quiz contest   on biochemical “case scenario  ”  HUNT –2017  held at Sri Manakula Vinayagar medical college and hospital, Pondicherry.
 3 teams participated in the   quiz competition held at PSGIMS&R ,Coimbatore on 23/04/2017 .The team comprising   Joseph Liyaskar.S,  S.Naveen , S.Soorya  won  4th place in the finals and also bagged 2nd place for the best team name .
 
                     COURSES INCLUDED IN THE TEACHING CURRICULA
  • MBBS 1st year
  • DMLT 1st & 2nd years
  • BSc Nursing – Basic and Post basic
  • One month Orientation lectures are given to the following paramedical courses to teach them the basics of Biochemistry:
Anaesthesia technician
CMLT
Dialysis technician
DRDT
DRTT
 ECG technician
Emergency care technician
Nursing assistant
Ortho technician
Radiology technician
Theatre  technician

 P.G COURSE
          
Three   post graduate  seats   were sanctioned from the academic year 2016-2017
 
2016-2017:3 Post graduates joined the course
2017-2108:3 Post graduates joined  the course
 
 Seminars, journal club, case discussion and  lecture classes are held  periodically for postgraduate students    in our department
 
          TEACHING SCHEDULE FOR POST GRADUATES
 
DAY TOPIC
MONDAY LECTURE
TUESDAY JOURNAL  CLUB
WEDNESDAY GROUP DISCUSSION
THURSDAY SEMINAR
FRIDAY LONG CASE  DISCUSSION
SATURDAY SHORT CASE DISCUSSION
 
 
Post  graduates  won 3rd prize in quiz competition conducted in young  ambicon 2016 conference held at  Hyderabad
 
 

RESEARCH ACTIVITIES
                The department advocates staff- student interaction that nurtures research mindedness among the budding doctors. Over the years quality research projects have been undertaken by the students, many funded by the ICMR. The notable ones are listed below:
  1. Biochemical Profile in Nephrotic syndrome
  2. Glycosylated Hemoglobin in newly detected diabetic patients in various age groups- a prospective study
  3. Spot urine Creatinine:Protein ratio – can it replace 24 hours urine protein estimation
  4. Screening of Hemoglobin variations- a hospital based prospective study
  5. Serum & 24 hour urinary Calcium and Uric acid in Renal stone formers
  6. Microalbuminuria in Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
  7. Assessment of Calcium balance in nephrotic children
  8. Serum Lactic acid, lactate clearance and Uric acid levels in Acute Coronary Syndrome
 
           STS -2017: under the guidance  from our dept the  study  titled  serum copper/zinc  ratio and ceruloplasmin levels in south Indian women of thyroid   disorders was completed and  submitted by S.Karthiga –II M.B.B.S student
ON GOING RESEARCH ACTIVITIES BY FACUTIES
1.Study of uric acid &iron levels in parkinsonism,A,Leenadevi,Associate professor,Shyam chanderasekar,CRRI
2.Stability of common biochemical analytes in serum when subjected to changes in storage conditions &temperature . Dr P.Kughapriya, Assistant professor.
3.Serum ceruloplasmin levels in acute heart failure. Dr P.Kughapriya, Assistant professor.
4.Cystatin C-A better marker of  pre –eclampsia. Dr U.N .Priyadarshini, Assistant professor
 
ON GOING RESEARCH ACTIVITIES BY POST GRADUATES
9  research projects are being conducted by our post graduates
LABORATORY SERVICES
                The clinical Biochemistry laboratory functions within the premises of the GMKMC Hospital, manned by qualified medical officers and efficient technical staff members. Blood samples are collected through the common collection center. The amply equipped central lab and the 24 hour emergency lab, operate to analyze the in-patient, out-patient, NCD (Non Communicable Diseases) OP, Master health check up and emergency cases effectively and have been instrumental in helping the clinicians treat the thousands of ailing patients the vast hospital caters to.
                The lab investigations are performed in the fully and semi automated Biochemistry analyzers. The fully automated analyzers  XL-640,EM200  AND BA400  has been imperative for the functioning of the lab due to its accuracy, precision, speed and economical usage of the reagents.
QUALITY CONTROL
                The clinical Biochemistry lab of GMKMCH is under the ACBI/CMC External Quality Assurance (EQAS) program of Christian Medical College, Vellore, keeping a check on the quality of the tests done. The results are sent every month and reports are obtained ensuring satisfactory performance of the lab.
 
LIST OF INVESTIGATIONS DONE 
BLOOD:
                        1.  SUGAR
                        2.  UREA
                        3.  CREATININE
                        4.  LIPID PROFILE -TOTAL CHOLESTEROL
                        5.       -DO-              - HDL CHOLESTEROL
                        6.       -DO-              -TRIGLYCERIDES
                        7.  BILIRUBIN – TOTAL & FRACTIONS
                        8.  TOTAL PROTEINS
                        9.  ALBUMIN, AG RATIO
                       10. URIC ACID
                       11. CALCIUM
                       12. PHOSPHORUS
                      
                    ELECTROLYTES 
                      13. SODIUM,
                      14. POTASSIUM,                    
                      15. BICARBONATE, 
                      16. CHLORIDE
                      ENZYMES      
                      17. SGOT (AST)
                      18. SGPT (ALT)
                      19. LACTATE DEHYDROGENASE (LDH)
                      20..CREATINE PHOSPHOKINASE  (CPK)& (CPK MB)
                      21. AMYLASE
                      22.LIPASE
                      23. ACID PHOSPHATASE (ACP)
                      24. ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE (ALP)
                      25. GAMMA GLUTAMYL TRANSPEPTIDASE (GGT)
                      26. CHOLINESTERASE
                         
       GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST

       HORMONE ANALYSIS: T3,T4 AND TSH using ELISA technique


       URINE ANALYSIS      
                        24 HOURS URINE PROTEINS AND SPOT PCR
                       
       FLUID ANALYSIS 
                         28. CEREBROSPINAL FLUID                                
                         29. ASCITIC FLUID                                   
                         30. PLEURAL FLUID
  
        STONE ANALYSIS    
                Biochemical analysis of Renal/ Salivary/ Gall stones


 
STATISTICS OF THE INVESTIGATIONS DONE IN CLINICAL LABORATORY
YEAR
 
OP (including MHC, NCD) IP (including Emergency) TOTAL
2012
 
181316 351657 532973
2013
 
162611 390848 553459
2014
 
185855 429853 615708
2015 18892 471909 660833
2016 208976 605267 814243
2017 254796 708215 963011
 
 
 
 
 
  STATISTICS OF INVESTIGATION DONE IN CLINICAL LABORATORY  FOR 2018
 
MONTH OUT PATIENT INPATIENT GRAND TOTAL
 JAN2018 14987 55036 70023
 FEB2018      


EQUIPMENTS  IN CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY LABORATORY
FULLY AUTOMATED ANALYZER EM200



      
       ELISA Reader and Washer


       

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