::Departments : Non-clinical : Department of Biochemistry
INTRODUCTION
                The department of Biochemistry, GMKMC, under the leadership of able professors and dedicated faculties, has played a monumental role in strengthening the foundations of countless medical students, for Biochemistry is one of the three basic subjects to be mastered in the first year of their under graduate study. The Clinical Biochemistry laboratory provides round the clock services in aiding the diagnosis and management of the ever increasing number of patients who attend the GMKMC Hospital from in and around Salem. The department also gives extensive training and imparts high degree of professional competency to Medical Laboratory Technology students, in addition to educating Nursing and paramedical students on the essentials of biochemistry.
 


TEACHING PROGRAM
                The annual intake of MBBS students increased to 100, so did the intensity of academic activities focused on student excellence. Apart from regular class schedules, tutorial classes and Internal assessment exams in theory/ practicals, the students are subjected to weekly tutorial tests and regular assignments, prodding them to pursue their lessons with deeper understanding and thoroughness, and to enhance their performance in the University examinations.
                As another means of intellectual stimulation, the students are required to present seminars/ symposia on various topics, using power point presentations, charts and other audio visual aids, during their period of study in the department.
                The department also makes sure that the parents are informed regarding their children’s progress by sending the attendance and mark particulars of students every three months. The parents in turn respond by coming to the department periodically to meet the HOD and staff to discuss the performance of their children, which helps in encouraging them to perform better.
                In addition, the department organizes and participates in horizontal and vertical Integrated teaching programs to provide the students a bird’s eye view of the concerned topic.
Integrated Teaching Programs of the academic year 2013-14, involving the departments of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry:
DATE TOPIC OF DISCUSSION BIOCHEMISTRY
28/11/13 LIVER JAUNDICE AND LFT
30/01/14 HEART CARDIAC MARKERS
27/03/14 THYROID THYROID FUNCTION TESTS
05/06/14 STROKE ATHEROGENESIS, CHOLESTEROL, LIPID PROFILE, NUTRITION & OBESITY, LIFE STYLE
 
CME/CLE PROGRAMMES
CONTINUING LABORATORY EDUCATION CONDUCTED ON 25/06/2015
TOPIC  :  Clinical  biochemistry laboratory instrumentation and quality control
CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION CONDUCTED ON 24/07/2015
TOPIC :  A clinician ‘s approach to renal function test interpretation
This  CME  has been awarded  5  credit points by Tamilnadu  Dr M.G.R  university ,Chennai under    category 2
NOTEWORTHY PERFORMANCE IN MBBS UNIVERSITY EXMINATIONS
                2008-2009 -         100% PASS
                1999-2000 -         UNIVERSITY FIRST-          Dr.SUBITHA
                2005-2006-          UNIVERSITY FIRST-          Dr.KARTHICK
                2013-2014-          no. of DISTINCTIONS- 15 ; HONOURS- 3
COURSES INCLUDED IN THE TEACHING CURRICULA
  • MBBS 1st year
  • DMLT 1st & 2nd years
  • BSc Nursing – Basic and Post basic
  • One month Orientation lectures are given to the following paramedical courses to teach them the basics of Biochemistry:
 Anesthesia technician
CMLT
Dialysis technician
DRDT
DRTT
 ECG technician
Emergency care technician
Nursing assistant
Ortho technician
Radiology technician
 Theater technician
 
 
RESEARCH ACTIVITIES
                The department advocates staff- student interaction that nurtures research mindedness among the budding doctors. Over the years quality research projects have been undertaken by the students, many funded by the ICMR. The notable ones are listed below:
  1. Biochemical Profile in Nephrotic syndrome
  2. Glycosylated Hemoglobin in newly detected diabetic patients in various age groups- a prospective study
  3. Spot urine Creatinine:Protein ratio – can it replace 24 hours urine protein estimation
  4. Screening of Hemoglobin variations- a hospital based prospective study
  5. Serum & 24 hour urinary Calcium and Uric acid in Renal stone formers
  6. Microalbuminuria in Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
  7. Assessment of Calcium balance in nephrotic children
  8. Serum Lactic acid, lactate clearance and Uric acid levels in Acute Coronary Syndrome
 
P.G COURSE
          
Three   post graduate  seats  has been sanctioned for the academic year 2016-2017
Three  post graduates  joined in  M.D(BIO)  for the academic year 2016 -2017 


 
 
 
LABORATORY SERVICES
                The clinical Biochemistry laboratory functions within the premises of the GMKMC Hospital, manned by qualified medical officers and efficient technical staff members. Blood samples are collected through the common collection center. The amply equipped central lab and the 24 hour emergency lab, operate to analyze the in-patient, out-patient, NCD (Non Communicable Diseases) OP, Master health check up and emergency cases effectively and have been instrumental in helping the clinicians treat the thousands of ailing patients the vast hospital caters to.
                The lab investigations are performed in the fully and semi automated Biochemistry analyzers. The fully automated analyzer XL-640 has been imperative for the functioning of the lab due to its accuracy, precision, speed and economical usage of the reagents.
QUALITY CONTROL
                The clinical Biochemistry lab of GMKMCH is under the ACBI/CMC External Quality Assurance (EQAS) program of Christian Medical College, Vellore, keeping a check on the quality of the tests done. The results are sent every month and reports are obtained ensuring satisfactory performance of the lab.
 
LIST OF INVESTIGATIONS DONE 
BLOOD:
                        1.  SUGAR
                        2.  UREA
                        3.  CREATININE
                        4.  LIPID PROFILE -TOTAL CHOLESTEROL
                        5.       -DO-              - HDL CHOLESTEROL
                        6.       -DO-              -TRIGLYCERIDES
                        7.  BILIRUBIN – TOTAL & FRACTIONS
                        8.  TOTAL PROTEINS
                        9.  ALBUMIN, AG RATIO
                       10. URIC ACID
                       11. CALCIUM
                       12. PHOSPHORUS
                       ELECTROLYTES –
                      13. SODIUM,
                      14. POTASSIUM,                    
                      15. BICARBONATE, 
                      16. CHLORIDE
                      ENZYMES      
                      17. SGOT (AST)
                      18. SGPT (ALT)
                      19. LACTATE DEHYDROGENASE (LDH)
                      20..CREATINE PHOSPHOKINASE  (CPK)& (CPK MB)
                      21. AMYLASE
                      22. ACID PHOSPHATASE (ACP)
                      23. ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE (ALP)
                      24. GAMMA GLUTAMYL TRANSPEPTIDASE (GGT)
                      25. CHOLINESTERASE
                      26. GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST
 


 
 
        URINE ANALYSIS      
                       27. 24 HOURS URINE PROTEINS
                       
       FLUID ANALYSIS 
                         28. CEREBROSPINAL FLUID                                
                         29. ASCITIC FLUID                                   
                         30. PLEURAL FLUID
  
        STONE ANALYSIS    
                Biochemical analysis of Renal/ Salivary/ Gall stones
STATISTICS OF THE INVESTIGATIONS DONE
YEAR
 
OP (including MHC, NCD) IP (including Emergency) TOTAL
2012
 
181316 351657 532973
2013
 
162611 390848 553459
2014
 
185855 429853 615708
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
MONTHLY STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR 2015
MONTH OP IP MHC EMERGENCY TOTAL
JANUARY 11244 23635 2939 19515 57333
FEBRUARY 14043 21609 3429 16809 55890
MARCH 14757 23776 4348 17351 60232
APRIL 11411 21627 4770 17199 55007
MAY 12359 18230 7790 17975 56354
JUNE 13614 21072 6097 21662 62445
JULY 11752 19414 3341 21619 56126
August 11611 35940     47551
Sep 11433 35842     47275
Oct 10164 37254     47418
Nov 10794 38398     48192
Dec 23028 43982     67010
 

Yesr 2016 
 
MONTH OUT PATIENT INPATIENT GRAND TOTAL
 JAN 10391 32856 43247
 FEB 12142 31642 43784
MAR 18118 41534 59652 
APRIL 16006 40845 56851
MAY 17823 39890 57693
JUNE 14073 44590 58663
JULY 21764 47663 69427


·         Periodical seminars  are  conducted in our department for 1 yr  MBBS students.
·         Medal examination  conducted in our department for  1yr  MBBS students  in   july 2016.
·         Seminars, journal club, case discussion and  lecture classes are held  periodically for postgraduate students             in our department.
·         Post  graduates  won 3rd prize in quiz competition held at young  ambicon 2016 conference held at                Hyderabad.
·         Poster presentation  was done by two of our post graduates in young ambicon 2016 held  at Hyderabad
 


     

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